Over the past ten years, climate change mitigation programs have only focused on efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. In fact, Indonesia is faced with real challenges in addition to environmental damage, namely maintaining economic growth, and alleviating poverty.
Low Carbon Development (PRK) and Climate Resilience Development (PBI) are development initiatives that seek to strike a balance between economic growth, reducing poverty, reducing emissions, and increasing resilience to the impacts of climate change.
The PRK and PBI were developed from a series of programs, policies and government commitments related to climate change management, both at the national and international levels. The PPRK initiative is listed in the national development priorities in the 2020-2024 National Medium-Term Development Plan (RPJMN) document.
The PRK and PBI initiatives are listed in the national development priorities in the 2020-2024 National Medium-Term Development Plan (RPJMN) document.
The Government has fully aware that the climate change is a crucial problem that has wide impact on various aspect of life and affect the national development target. Hence, the climate change issue needs quick, accurate and integrated response.
Since the issuance of the 2020-2024 National Medium-Term Development Plan (RPJMN 2020-2024) which was inaugurated in Presidential Regulation No. 18 of 2020, addressing climate change, both Low Carbon Development and Climate Resilience Development, is a national priority. In order to support the achievement of the Low Carbon and Climate Resilience Development targets, the Central and Regional Governments are expected to formulate plans and implement low carbon and climate resilience actions.
AKSARA ensures the low carbon development plans that have been formulated by the regions are monitored, measured, and reported in a continuous and integrated process. Therefore, the planning phase is included in AKSARA in addition to the monitoring, evaluation, and reporting phases. The four phases are translated into the following modules:
The frontpage of AKSARA aims at supporting the central and regional governments in designing and planning various interventions for low carbon development.
Through AKSARA Rancang, the regional government can create various impact simulations to estimate the benefits of the low carbon development effort in the future.
All plans need careful supervision and monitoring to ensure the success and accuracy are measurable.
AKSARA-Kumawas provides various facilities for the central and regional governments to monitor the implementation of low carbon activities that have been performed.
To create planning and implementation that are adaptive and match future changes, the low carbon development needs a regular and yearly evaluation.
AAksara-Sangkala is a module offering a balanced evaluation of the low carbon development achievement both in the central and regional governments
In the end, a good effort must be reported and communicated in a proper way to all stakeholders both in Indonesia and the international community
AKSARA-Biwara provides stakeholders with comprehensive, organized, and reliable information on the entire process of the low carbon development implementation.
Rancang, Kumawas, Sangkala, and Birawa are from the Sanskrit, which, in literal translation, mean plan, monitor, evaluate, and report. This signifies all processes in the AKSARA. The Sanskrit is used as it reflects Indonesian traditional values and in line with the word ‘AKSARA’.